The risk of a pulmonary embolism can be minimized by a series of general measures and medication:
The danger posed by a pulmonary embolism depends on its extent and on the health condition of the patient. Up to 90 percent of all death cases occur within the first two hours after the symptoms start. An early therapy however reduces the death rate by lung embolism. After the disease, the pumping capacity of the heart may be permanently reduced. The risk of blood clots should therefore be actively reduced.
After a longer bed rest or surgeries, thrombosis can be prevented by blood-thinning medications. In addition, you should wear compression stockings. This also applies in case of:
After surgeries, respectively after a longer bed rest, blood-thinning medications can prevent the formation of thrombosis. In such cases compression stockings are recommended. During pregnancy, in case of vein weakness, during longer flights or after a healed leg vein thrombosis, it is also recommended to wear compression stockings.
A more pronounced lung embolism is life threatening. Both the diagnosis and the treatment should be introduced fast. There are special recommendations in the guidelines on how the medical staff should proceed in case a lung embolism is suspected. This can improve the prognosis and reduce the death rate.