Larynx cancer - Diagnosis

How is larynx cancer being diagnosed?

If there is a suspicion that you have larynx cancer, the doctor will carry out a laryngoscopy. A doctor exams the larynx with a mirror, resp. a magnifying glass (indirect laryngoscopy) or under complete anesthesia with a tube-shaped tool - the laryngoscope (direct larynx imaging).

To make sure the diagnosis is correct, the doctor will take tissue samples (biopsy) from the suspect places.  These are further examined microscopically.  The sampling usually takes place under full anesthesia during the direct laryngoscopy. For further therapy planning, the position and size of the tumor must be known. Besides it must be clarified whether metastases have already formed.   Besides an exact HNO medical exam, the following imaging procedures are used:

  • Throat ultrasound
  • Computed tomography (CT)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)