COPD - Diagnosis

How is COPD diagnosed?

Constant coughing with sputum will cause the physician to suspect COPD. At the beginning of the diagnosis, a complete patient survey and analysis of the medical history are carried out.  The most important questions are regarding the professional activity (contact with dangerous substances) and regular tobacco smoking.  In the end, the physician asks about the intensity and frequency of the symptoms and the extent to which the patient is restricted by them during their everyday life.

A physical exam may be inconspicuous in the early stage of COPD.  When the disease is advanced, the typical signs of an airway contraction can be observed:

  • Extended expiration
  • Breathing sounds (whistling and humming)