The most important factor is the treatment of the underlying disease. Various medicines increase the blood pressure to the heart or reduce the oxygen demands of the muscle pump. Blood-thinning medications support the pharmacological therapy, which consists of the following active substances:
In the case of a severe heart weakness, various surgeries come into the question, e.g. the coronary angioplasty (PTCA, insertion of an artery stent) or a bypass surgery. In case of malfunctions of the heart rate or heart arrhythmias, a pacemaker can be used. Only in rare cases must doctors use an artificial heart or a heart transplant.
Moreover, the risk factors must be minimized. Excess weight should be lost and the patient should adopt a diet which is low in fat and salt. In this way, cholesterol and blood pressure can be reduced efficiently. The excessive consumption of alcohol and smoking should be avoided.